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使用Ruby On Rails15分钟打造一个博客系统 - PTIAN ORACLE EBS REPOSITORY

[日期:2013-04-06] 来源:  作者: [字体: ]

"15分钟做一个博客系统",是Ruby On Rails非常经典Demo练习。我也参考着视频,试着做了一遍,这里大概记录下过程。

视频地址:http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XNTM4NjA3MDQw.html


----------------------------------------------------------------------详细过程--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

版本信息

Rails版本:3.2.13

Ruby版本:1.9.3

OS:Windows 7


控制台创建一个博客项目

rails new blog

cd blog

rails g scaffold post title:string text:text

rails g model comment post_id:integer text:text

rake db:migrate

rails s


测试:http://localhost:3000/posts

      


修改index.html.erb

blog/app/views/posts/index.html.erb

删除原有的内容,新的内容如下:

<h1>Welcome to PTIAN's Blog</h1>

<% @posts.each do |post| %>
   <h2><%= link_to post.title, post%></h2>
   <p>
       <i>-<%= time_ago_in_words post.created_at %> ago </i>
   </p>    
   <p>
     <%= truncate post.text %>
   </p>
<% end %>

<p>
   <%= link_to "New Post", new_post_path%>
</p>    

修改show.html.erb

blog/app/views/posts/show.html.erb

<h1><%= @post.title %></h1>

<%= @post.text %>

<p>
<%= link_to "Back", posts_path %>
|
<%= link_to "Edit", edit_post_path(@post) %>
|
<%= link_to "Delete",@post,:method => :delete, :confirm => "Are you sure?" %>
</p>


增加Comments项

继续修改show.html.erb

blog/app/views/posts/show.html.erb

<h1><%= @post.title %></h1>

<%= @post.text %>

<h2>Comments</h2>

<% @post.comments.each do |comment| %>
  <p><%= comment.text %></p>
  <p><%= time_ago_in_words comment.created_at %> ago </p>
<% end %>

<%= form_for [@post,@post.comments.build] do |f| %>
  <p><%= f.text_area :text, :size => '40x10' %> </p>
  <p><%= f.submit "Post Comment" %> </p>
<% end %>

<p>
<%= link_to "Back", posts_path %>
|
<%= link_to "Edit", edit_post_path(@post) %>
|
<%= link_to "Delete",@post,:method => :delete, :confirm => "Are you sure?" %>
</p>

修改blog/app/models/post.rb

class Post < ActiveRecord::Base
  attr_accessible :text, :title
  has_many :comments
end
修改blog/app/models/comment.rb

class Comment < ActiveRecord::Base
  attr_accessible :post_id, :text
  belongs_to :post
end
修改blog/config/routes.rb

resources :posts do
    resources :comments
  end

这个时候Comment就出来了,但是如果提交comment,还会报错,因为我们还没写comment的controller

创建comment的controller

打开一个新的命令行

D:\Ruby\projects>cd blog

D:\Ruby\projects\blog>rails g controller comments create destroy


打开新创建的blog\app\controllers\comments_controller.rb

class CommentsController < ApplicationController
  def create
  	@post = Post.find(params[:post_id])
  	@comment = @post.comments.build(params[:comment])
  	@comment.save

  	redirect_to @post
  end

  def destroy
  end
end


增加删除comment功能

修改blog/app/views/posts/show.html.erb

(增加Delete Comment链接)

<h1><%= @post.title %></h1>

<%= @post.text %>

<h2>Comments</h2>

<% @post.comments.each do |comment| %>
  <p><%= comment.text %></p>
  <p><%= time_ago_in_words comment.created_at %> ago </p>
  <p><%= link_to "Delete Comment", [@post, comment], :method => :delete, :confirm => "Are you sure?" %></p>
<% end %>

<%= form_for [@post,@post.comments.build] do |f| %>
  <p><%= f.text_area :text, :size => '40x10' %> </p>
  <p><%= f.submit "Post Comment" %> </p>
<% end %>

<p>
<%= link_to "Back", posts_path %>
|
<%= link_to "Edit", edit_post_path(@post) %>
|
<%= link_to "Delete",@post,:method => :delete, :confirm => "Are you sure?" %>
</p>
修改blog\app\controllers\comments_controller.rb

class CommentsController < ApplicationController
  def create
  	@post = Post.find(params[:post_id])
  	@comment = @post.comments.build(params[:comment])
  	@comment.save

  	redirect_to @post
  end

  def destroy
  	@comment = Comment.find(params[:id])
  	@comment.destroy

  	redirect_to @comment.post
  end
end


给你的blog添加ATOM feed

修改blog\app\controllers\posts_controller.rb

  def index
    @posts = Post.all

    respond_to do |format|
      format.html # index.html.erb
      format.json { render json: @posts }
      format.atom
    end
  end

修改blog\app\views\layouts\application.html.erb

header区域中添加下面的代码,用于显示Atom的图标

<%= auto_discovery_link_tag :atom, "/posts.atom" %>


一个博客就基本完成了。

Source Code:15mins_blog_sourcecode_ptian.zip 


转载请注明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/pan_tian/article/details/8763627






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